Mohan Rakesh (1925?1972) was a modernist innovator in Hindi who deeply influenced India?s multilingual literary culture after Independence. His full-length plays?Ashadh ka ek din (1958), Lahron ke rajhans (1963) and Adhe adhure (1969)?became seminal works of urban drama and theatre, while his fiction sustained the ?new story? and ?new novel? movements nationally. Consolidated by four decades of posthumous publication, his prolific output as theatre theorist, literary and cultural critic, translator, travel writer, diarist and correspondent now positions him as a transformative figure in postcolonial literature worldwide.